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diritto dell'Unione europeaForum COVID-19

A partire dallo scoppio dell’emergenza COVID 19, la Commissione europea ha posto in campo una serie di iniziative di supporto agli Stati per acquisire l’ammontare necessario di farmaci e dispositivi di protezione a prezzi accessibili, non rinunciando al controllo sulla qualità e sulla sicurezza di tali prodotti. In questa prospettiva, la Commissione sta facendo sempre più di frequente ricorso alle procedure di appalto congiunto, in particolare a quelle previste dall’Accordo di aggiudicazione congiunta per le contromisure mediche (Joint Procurement Agreement to procure medical countermeasures/JPA), approvato con Decisione della Commissione del 2014, dalla «riserva RescEU» (F. Casolari, 2020G. Bartolini, 2020) e dallo «strumento per il sostegno di emergenza» (Regolamento del Consiglio 2016/369; Regolamento del Consiglio 2020/521).  

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diritto dell'Unione europeadiritto internazionale pubblicofeatured

A number of measures concerning search and rescue (SAR) operations and disembarkations following those operations have been incorporated in the “new pact on asylum and migration” (hereafter pact) adopted by the European Commission on 23 September 2020. This has not happened by chance: as is well known, SAR operations in the Mediterranean Sea have been a key theme and a reason of legal and political disputes between EU Member States and the EU Institutions in recent years. Mediterranean coastal States have demanded solidarity, both in carrying out SAR operations and in relocating rescued people.

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diritto internazionale pubblicoresponsabilità internazionale

Agnese Vitale (Università di Firenze) Con l’annuncio da parte degli Emirati Arabi Uniti (EAU) e poi del Bahrain di voler ristabilire normali relazioni diplomatiche con Israele, sale a quattro il numero di paesi arabi ad aver riconosciuto lo Stato ebraico (Egitto nel 1979, Giordania nel 1994), e altri paesi arabi

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diritto dell'Unione europea

On 16th July 2020, in its landmark judgment in Data Protection Commissioner v Facebook Ireland Limited, Maximillian Schrems (Case C- 311/18, Schrems II), the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) invalidated the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/1250 on the adequacy of the protection provided by the EU-US Privacy Shield (“the Privacy Shield Decision”). As a result, thousands of companies can no longer rely on the Privacy Shield Decision as a legal basis for transferring personal data from the EU to the US. In its judgment, the ECJ also affirmed the validity of Standard Contractual Clauses (“SCCs”) as a data transfer mechanism for international data transfers, but with a few conditions: companies are required to assess the data importer’s ability to comply with the contractual arrangements embedded in SCCs and adduce «additional safeguards» where appropriate. The implications of the case are much wider than just the invalidation of the Privacy Shield Decision. The judgment has important implications on the other tools that compose the data transfer toolbox offered by the GDPR and has raised uncertainties on the future of international data transfer more broadly.

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